It happens in homes, in social and recreational contexts, on the street, in workplaces, schools and online. The perpetrator is most often known to the victim.
Australian women’s experience of violence
1 in 3 women have experienced physical violence since the age of 15
1 in 5 women have experienced sexual violence since the age of 15
1 in 4 women have experienced at least one incident of non-physical abuse from a partner since the age of 15.
Violence against women is not just physical
Women experience physical and sexual violence. But perpetrators can use a range of other abusive behaviours to manipulate, coerce, control, threaten and harm victims. All forms of abuse can have significant and long-term health and wellbeing, economic and social impacts on victims.
Abusive behaviours that are non-physical include technological, financial, social, spiritual and emotional abuse.
Sending nude or embarrassing images of a partner to other people.
Tracking a partner’s whereabouts using a phone or GPS device without consent.
Accessing a partner’s private messages or conversations.
Posting messages from a partner’s accounts.
Using technology to send unwanted images or messages.
Not allowing a partner to have debit/credit cards or access to bank accounts.
Not giving a partner access to shared bank accounts.
Spending or borrowing a partner’s money without their knowledge or agreement.
Forcing a partner to quit their job or lose their income.
Holding back funds for necessities like food, medication, or disability-related equipment.
Stopping a partner from seeing certain people or groups of people.
Forcing a partner to live far away from family or friends.
Sabotaging a partner’s relationships or damaging their reputation.
Deliberately embarrassing a partner in front of other people.
Stopping a partner from visiting their place of worship or spiritual community.
Not allowing a partner to practice their beliefs and customs.
Forcing a partner to practice beliefs or customs which they don’t believe in.
Shaming a partner for not practising their beliefs strictly enough.
Using spiritual beliefs to justify abuse or harmful behaviour.
Verbal aggression and fits of rage.
Blackmail, including threatening to leave a partner or to harm people or pets.
Regularly teasing or putting someone down to damage a partner’s self-worth.
‘Gaslighting’ or tricking and lying to make a partner question their own sanity.
Constantly correcting or criticising to diminish a partner’s confidence.
This factsheet developed by Australia's National Research Organisation for Women's Safety presented the findings from the Australian Domestic and Family Violence Death Review Network's Data Report 2018.