To prevent violence against women, the following 12 actions are needed, which address the underlying drivers of this violence (Essential actions 1-4), the social context in which it arises (Essential actions 5-8) and the reinforcing factors (Supporting actions 9-12).
Essential actions to address the gendered drivers of violence
Essential actions to address the social context in which violence against women occurs
Promote and normalise gender equality in public and private life
Address the intersections between gender inequality and other forms of systemic and structural oppression and discrimination, and promote broader social justice
Build safe, fair and equitable organisations and institutions by focusing on systemic levers
Strengthen positive, equal and respectful relations between and among women and men, girls and boys, in public and private spheres
Supporting actions to address the reinforcing factors
Challenge the normalisation of violence and aggression as an expression of masculinity
Reduce the long-term impacts of exposure to violence, and prevent further exposure
Strengthen prosocial behaviour
Plan for and actively address backlash and resistance
The supporting actions address the four reinforcing factors. On their own, these supporting actions are not sufficient to prevent violence against women. A national approach to prevention must prioritise the essential actions (Actions 1-8) to address the drivers of violence against women. However, these supporting actions can make an important contribution to overall prevention goals.